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While there was a substantial formalist reaction within the modernist schools to the breakdown of structure, this reaction focused as much on the development of new formal structures and syntheses as on the revival of older forms and structures. Instead, the explications use comparisons and examples from the microeconomic essay topics world, poem explication essay. The explicatum must be given by explicit rules for its use, for example, poem explication essay a definition which incorporates it into a well-constructed system of scientific either logicomathematical or empirical concepts. Explication as a process versus explication as an outcome[ edit ] When working with explication, poem explication essay, it is essential to be clear, and to make clear whether you are dealing with the explication process and hence working with the verb or gerundor dealing with the outcomes of the process, such as a work which documents, describes and explains the new explicit knowledge. Sudoku is one of the most popular puzzle games of all time. Explications in the Natural Semantic Metalanguage are neither exact dictionary definitions, nor encyclopedic explanations of a concept.



Summary[ edit ] Explication can be regarded as a scientific process which transforms and replaces "an inexact prescientific concept" which Carnap calls the explicandum , with a "new exact concept" which he calls the explicatum. An extended document, like an essay or thesis which describes and explains the new explicit knowledge, is usually called an "Explication".

But an explication may also be contained and expressed in shorter formats, such as in paragraphs and sentences, which are deliberately drafted to emphasise the nature and impact of new explicit knowledge which draws on, and are improvements upon, previous knowledge.

On explication and truth[ edit ] An explication in the Carnapian sense is purely stipulative, and thus a subclass of normative definitions. Hence, an explication can not be true or false, just more or less suitable for its purpose.

Examples of inexact daily life concepts in need of explication are our concepts of cause and of conditionals. Our daily life concept of cause does not distinguish between necessary causes, sufficient causes, complete causes etc.

Each of these more precise concepts is an explication of our natural concept of cause. Natural language will only specify truth conditions for propositions of the form "If p, then q" for situations where "p" is true. An explication of the conditional will also specify truth conditions for situations where "p" is not true. Explication as a process versus explication as an outcome[ edit ] When working with explication, it is essential to be clear, and to make clear whether you are dealing with the explication process and hence working with the verb or gerund , or dealing with the outcomes of the process, such as a work which documents, describes and explains the new explicit knowledge.

On this argument, new explicit knowledge is therefore contingent and context specific. Semantic explication[ edit ] In the Natural semantic metalanguage theory, explications are semantic representations of vocabulary. These explications are made up of a very limited set of words called semantic primes which are considered to have universal meaning across all languages. An example of an explication of the word happy [1]: Explications in the Natural Semantic Metalanguage are neither exact dictionary definitions, nor encyclopedic explanations of a concept.

They often differ slightly depending upon the personal experiences of the person writing them. Instead, the explications use comparisons and examples from the real world.

As argued by Carnap , in science and philosophy, "explication consists in transforming a given more or less inexact concept into an exact one or, rather, in replacing the first by the second. We call the given concept or the term used for it the explicandum, and the exact concept proposed to take the place of the first or the term proposed for it the explicatum.

The explicandum may belong to everyday language or to a previous stage in the development of scientific language. The explicatum must be given by explicit rules for its use, for example, by a definition which incorporates it into a well-constructed system of scientific either logicomathematical or empirical concepts. In this process, explication often involves a line-by-line or episode-by-episode commentary on what is going on in a text. While initially this might seem reasonably innocuous, explication de texte , and explication per se, is an interpretative process where the resulting new knowledge, new insights or new meanings, are open to subsequent debate and disaffirmation by others.



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Total 3 comments.
#1 25.07.2018 18:45 Hani-Tarek:
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#2 01.08.2018 23:57 Mitantube:
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#3 04.08.2018 14:57 Hamula:
In general, successful work