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American Democracy Essay

Essay on democracy in america system is hugely dependent on the ability of citizens to make informed decision during voting. The problems that de Tocqueville noted in the American Democracy was in societal attitudes and tendencies. Though these parties have dominated American politics in one way or the other for the past two centuries, essay on democracy in america, there are third fashion essay that have an influence over provincial voting patterns. This system is manifest through periodic elections where voters those who satisfy the criteria for voting, but each of whim has an equal right as the other Christiano, p. These are the class of the electorate that loses after every election cycle.



American Democracy Essay Democracy is a political arrangement that, at its most basic, demands that there be collective decision making and equality in the mechanisms of coalition building and deliberation Christiano, p. The strictest definition would imply that decisions are made directly by the citizens and no electoral process is employed to select legislative representatives who would, in turn, make decisions for the citizens Christiano, p.

Where representatives are elected to make decisions on behalf of the electorate, such a system is defined as a republic. Although a republic system is not entirely a pure democracy, it is built on democratic principles and normative theory would argue that this distinction is irrelevant as it can be accommodated into the very definition of democracy: In fact, democracy, and its more practical offshoot republicanism, both demand that there be equal political opportunity and voice and a government responsive to the demands of its citizens.

Democracy is justifiable for three main reasons: The system of democracy as practiced in America holds several principles in high regard, and as such, qualifies it to being referred to as a democracy. The American political system creates an opportunity where interest groups can compete for power. This party-based system is the basis of competition for legislative and executive mandate by the elite in the democracy system only a few people are elected to represent voters and are thus known as the democracy elite.

This system is manifest through periodic elections where voters those who satisfy the criteria for voting, but each of whim has an equal right as the other Christiano, p.

Elections are the means by which the citizenry assesses the democratic leadership: Since elections occur only in cycles, the civil society and a free press are important components of the democratic system: The Judiciary polices over the other arms of the government: Indeed, democracy is a rule by the law.

As such, everybody and every institution are at the behest of the law and no one can act in contravention of it without a punitive measure. Despite this, penal punishment cannot be exacted without following due process: Furthermore, every citizen has inalienable rights, many of which are revolutionary in the American context. There are social, economic, and political rights and demand that nobody should be discriminated against for any reason, be it race, religion, or any other standard of discrimination.

Though the people are the supreme source of power, they are not allowed to reject the authority of the government. Additionally, every citizens should practice own rights and freedoms without unjustly interfering with that of others. These are the premises of democracy that are evident in the American democratic model Okpala, p. The American party system has been dominated by two parties, namely, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party Intelligencesquaredus, p.

Though these parties have dominated American politics in one way or the other for the past two centuries, there are third parties that have an influence over provincial voting patterns. These parties, numbering in the tens, could play a watchdog role or raise awareness on a number of interest issues such as taxation and healthcare.

Examples include the Constitution Party that has a presence in over 30 American states and the regional Alaskan Independence Party. Despite their presence, they are generally minor and are dwarfed by the influence and resourcefulness of the two dominating forces in American politics. This two-party system ahs been the hallmark of American politics: These distinctions, nevertheless, became only concrete in the post- World War I period when the Republicans managed to dominate national politics for the better part of a decade Intelligencesquaredus, p.

Political positions solidified hardened even further during the Reagan era to yield the present dispensation. An understanding of this history is important because only by knowing the weaknesses of this two-party system will one be better able to appreciate its inherent faults.

American history is replete with instances of how this system broke down to yield either a violent confrontation American Civil War or a legislative assault.

An example of the latter is the impasses generated by inability of the Republicans and Democrats to reach a conclusive deal on fiscal policies in the Obama administration Intelligencesquaredus, p.

In effect, this two-party system has only made America ungovernable. Political compromises are becoming much more difficult to reach and with the resurgence of the Tea Party phenomenon, it is only responsible to assume that Right-wing Republicans may overshadow the conservatism of the Grand Old Party, in turn, making legislative negotiation impractical and ineffective.

Clearly, the silent majority of conservative party members are muffled at every election cycle Intelligencesquaredus, p. Additionally, this two-party system does not provide the electorate with sufficient alternatives, which leads to dampened voter sentiment and participation. This system is susceptible to manipulation by Big Business, meaning that public interest may be sidelined.

The American model is, in this sense, far from perfect. This system is hugely dependent on the ability of citizens to make informed decision during voting.

This is not always the case in electoral systems like the American one Okpala, p. Voters are held hostage by special interests and emotions and make irrational electoral decisions. The electorate is usually won over by the most charismatic candidates, meaning that it is not the most qualified candidates that usually make it to office.

In addition, those adept at winning election cycles end up dominating politics. The mass media is especially culpable. Indeed, the electorate does not have the capacity nor resolve to govern a country. This is best exemplified by the present conundrum: The electorate the world over, whether in debt-stricken Greece or in America, lack the resolve to make tough decisions and usually pass the baton to the murky world of elite democratic leaders Okpala, p.

Leaders brave enough to propose tough measures such as austerity and equitable taxing of the rich and wealthy find themselves unpopular. Leaders are also incentivized to prop up populist polices to shore up their popularity. This is usually done by ramping up the entitlements spending.

Entitlements, in turn, push the deficit burden and, despite this retrogressive development, the electorate still elects such leaders back into office. The democratic system also creates persistent minorities. These are the class of the electorate that loses after every election cycle. A candid example is the Indigenous Americans that live amidst a highly urbanized and developed society Okpala, p.

What this has done is that it has marginalized their interest and as a result, minorities have lower standards of quality of life, have greater inequalities of income, lower access to and success in education, and political marginalization.

The end result is usually referred to as majority tyranny, but even in the absence of it, minority communities still experience largely insurmountable odds in accessing resources and influencing the course of policies and laws Okpala, p. Another challenge with democracy in America is the effect of legislative and judicial over-reach.

A number of American states are now seeking to limit voting rights come the election cycle. Georgia, for example, is seeking a reduction in the time available for voting to a mere 21 days. South Carolina, on the other hand, is seeking to place restriction on voters by demanding that they produce identification documents during voting. These restrictions are unashamedly aimed at restricting the ability of a number of interest groups from voting Okpala, p. The proponents to these voting changes claim that it will crack down on the assumedly fraudulent voters, that is, African-Americans, college students, Hispanics, the disabled and urban dwellers.

This makes it hard for these groups to vote as they generally do not either have access to driving licenses the disabled and urban dwellers where they public transport for instance or identification documents themselves such as Hispanics. The democratic model is not the best political arrangement, but easily beats the other political system for its attempt to be inclusive and representative.

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Essay on Democracy in America Words | 3 Pages. Democracy in America By: Alexis De Tocqueville Democracy in America, by Alexis De Tocqueville is a book about how the American States and the federal government would grow politically and socially under the umbrella of democracy. Essay on Democracy in America Words | 7 Pages Democracy is a unique type of government, and the purpose of this essay is to illustrate the strengths and weaknesses that a democratic government provides.

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#1 05.08.2018 08:14 Abamuslim:
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