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The ethics of the ecology of fear against the nonspeciesist animal welfare essay Several commandments demonstrate concern for the physical or psychological suffering of animals. If you live anywhere where they are permitted, contact lawmakers urging them to take action in banning them. Bergh had been appointed by President Abraham Lincoln to a diplomatic post in Russia, animal welfare essay, and had been disturbed by the mistreatment of animals he witnessed there. Click here for their website.



Jewish law prohibits causing unnecessary suffering to animals Animals can be used to satisfy legitimate needs, like food and clothing Pets are permitted, but cannot be physically altered, and may cause complications Jewish law is compatible with a vegetarian diet, but involves some use of leather Herod also got together a great quantity of wild beasts, and of lions in very great abundance, and of such other beasts as were either of uncommon strength or of such a sort as were rarely seen.

These were trained either to fight one with another, or men who were condemned to death were to fight with them. And truly foreigners were greatly surprised and delighted at the vast expenses of the shows, and at the great danger of the spectacles, but to the Jews it was a palpable breaking up of those customs for which they had so great a veneration.

A righteous man knows the soul of his animal - Proverbs Cruelty to Animals Judaism places great stress on proper treatment of animals. Unnecessary cruelty to animals is strictly forbidden, and in many cases, animals are accorded the same sensitivity as human beings.

This concern for the welfare of animals is unusual in Western civilization. Most civilized nations did not accept this principle until quite recently; cruelty to animals was not outlawed until the s, and even now it is not taken very seriously. Judaism expresses no definitive opinion as to whether animals actually experience physical or psychological pain in the same way that humans do; however, Judaism has always recognized the link between the way a person treats animals and the way a person treats human beings.

A person who is cruel to a defenseless animal will undoubtedly be cruel to defenseless people. Modern psychology confirms this understanding, with many studies finding a relationship between childhood animal cruelty and adult criminal violence. Sadly, the converse is not always true, and those who love animals do not always value human life: Hitler loved animals; the animal rights group PETA wrote a letter to Arafat telling him, when he blows up a bus full of Israelis, could he please not hurt any donkeys.

Jacob , Moses and King David were all shepherds, people who cared for animals Gen. A traditional story tells that Moses was chosen for his mission because of his skill in caring for animals.

On the other hand, the two hunters in the Bible, Nimrod and Esau , are both depicted as villains. The Talmud tells the story of a great rabbi , Judah Ha-Nasi , who was punished with years of kidney stones and other painful ailments because he was insensitive to the fear of a calf being led to slaughter; he was relieved years later when he showed kindness to animals.

Animal flesh can be consumed for food; animal skins can be used for clothing. The Torah itself must be written on parchment animal hides , as must the scrolls for mezuzot and tefillin , and tefillin must be made out of leather. However, dominion does not give us the right to cause indiscriminate pain and destruction. We are permitted to use animals in this way only when there is a genuine, legitimate need, and we must do so in the manner that causes the animal the least suffering.

Kosher slaughtering is designed to be as fast and painless as possible, and if anything occurs that might cause pain such as a nick in the slaughtering knife or a delay in the cutting , the flesh may not be consumed. Hunting for sport is strictly prohibited, and hunting and trapping for legitimate needs is permissible only when it is done in the least painful way possible.

Under Jewish law , animals have some of the same rights as humans do. Animals rest on Shabbat , as humans do Ex. We are forbidden to muzzle an ox to prevent it from eating while it is working in the field Deut. Animals can partake of the produce from fields lying fallow during the sabbatical year Ex.

Several commandments demonstrate concern for the physical or psychological suffering of animals. We may not plow a field using animals of different species Deut. We are required to relieve an animal of its burden, even if we do not like its owner, do not know its owner, or even if it is ownerless Ex. We are not permitted to kill an animal in the same day as its young Lev. In fact, the Torah specifically says that a person who sends away the mother bird will be rewarded with long life, precisely the same reward that is given for honoring mother and father Ex.

This should give some indication of the importance of this law. We are permitted to violate Shabbat to a limited extent to rescue an animal in pain or at risk of death. For example, we can move them if they are in pain, move objects that we would not otherwise be permitted to touch to relieve their pain, we may give them medicine, and we may ask non-Jews to do things that would violate Shabbat to help a suffering animal.

In the Talmud , the rabbis further dictated that a person may not purchase an animal unless he has made provisions to feed it, and a person must feed his animals before he feeds himself interpreting Deut. Pets Jewish law does not prohibit keeping pets, and indeed many observant Jews have dogs, cats or other household pets, though Jewish law does raise some complications for pet owners.

As with all animals, we are required to feed our pets before ourselves, and make arrangements for feeding our pets before we obtain them. Also, like all animals, household pets are entitled to Sabbath rest, thus you cannot have your dog retrieve the paper for you on Shabbat , etc.

Some sources consider pets are considered to be muktzeh, within the category of objects that cannot be handled on Shabbat.

I have seen several sources say that walking a dog is permitted, but if an animal runs away on Shabbat, it is not permitted to trap the animal. It is permissible to feed non- kosher food to pets, as long as you do not consume it yourself. However, it is not permissible to derive any benefit from a mixture of meat and dairy; therefore, any food you feed your pet cannot contain both meat and dairy. Similarly, during Pesach , there are rules for pets, but they are not as strict as for people.

It is impermissible to have any chametz leavened grain products in your home, or to derive any benefit from chametz, thus you cannot use chametz to feed your pets. However, you can feed your pets food that contains kitniyot. You can also feed your pets Passover table scraps, and you can feed matzah meal or farfel to fish or rodents. I used to have a hamster who loved Passover: If you cannot find suitable food, you must temporarily sell the pets to a non-Jew, as you temporarily sell your other chametz to a non-Jew during the holiday.

It is a violation of Jewish law to neuter a pet. The Torah prohibits castrating males of any species Lev. Please note that, while the law prohibits you from neutering your pet, it does not prohibit you from owning a pet that is already neutered. If you want a neutered pet, I strongly encourage you to adopt from one of the many reputable shelters, such as Spay and Save where I adopted a cat , Kitty Cottage where I adopted two others or the Delaware Humane Association.

It certainly would not be a violation of Jewish law to do so. For example, declawing cats and docking the ears or tails of dogs are forbidden. Again, there is no law against owning an animal in this condition, so you should look into adopting from a shelter if you want such an animal.

The cat that I adopted from Spay and Save was neutered and declawed by her previous owner. For Jewish Vegetarians The vegetarian diet was considered the ideal for humanity. Note that in Genesis 1: Meat is not permitted until after the Flood Gen. Even offerings before that time did not involve the death of animals: Certainly, a vegetarian diet simplifies the process of keeping kosher , as it eliminates the need to separate meat and dairy!

Most vegetarian foods are kosher; in fact, many vegetarians who do not keep kosher rely on kosher certifications to make sure that the foods they buy are vegetarian!

Beans, grains, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products can all be eaten and in any combination, and do not require kosher certification if they are not processed. It is traditional to eat meat to celebrate on Shabbat and festivals, but it is not a requirement. There is no holiday or observance for which it is a mitzvah commandment to eat meat, and most symbolic foods eaten for holidays are not meat.

Meat is a traditional part of Shabbat and festival meals to make them more festive, but as long as you eat something special, something out of the ordinary, that should be sufficient to create the necessary festive atmosphere. The one area that may cause concern for vegetarians is the use of animal parts for ritual purposes.

The Torah is written on parchment animal skins , as are the scrolls in a mezuzah and the tefillin. The tefillin are made of leather.

Jewish law requires all of this. What is a religiously observant vegetarian to do? Click Here for more details.



This bibliography is primarily based on Oscar Horta’s Publications in English on wild animal suffering and intervention in nature (for and against), Daniel Dorado’s Ethical interventions in the wild: an annotated bibliography, and the research that Aron Vallinder and I did for a paper on wild animal welfare that we once planned to write. If you know . Animal rights is the idea in which some, or all, non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and that their most basic interests—such as the need to avoid suffering—should be afforded the same consideration as similar interests of human beings.. Its advocates oppose the assignment of moral value and fundamental .

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