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The best way to show the use of impersonation is to give an example. Video games Play media In Armelloanthropomorphic animals battle it out for control of the animal kingdom Sonic the Personification essaya game released infeatures a speedy blue hedgehog as the protagonist. Incarnation helps a person not only to understand the content but also feel the life of the surrounding world, because it is considered to be one of the manifestations of the capacity for empathy. Medieval representations of Fortune emphasize her duality and instability, such as two faces side by side like Personification essay ; one face smiling the other frowning; half the face white the other black; she may be blindfolded but without scales, blind to justice, personification essay. The essence of impersonation as a special artistic phenomenon is lying in formation of an idiosyncratic concept that combines attributes of the object or animal and man, personification essay. Other times, they are anthropomorphic items, such as " Clippy " or the " Michelin Man ", personification essay.

It is first attested in , originally in reference to the heresy of applying a human form to the Christian God. In either case there is an element of anthropomorphism. This anthropomorphic art has been linked by archaeologist Steven Mithen with the emergence of more systematic hunting practices in the Upper Palaeolithic Mithen He proposes that these are the product of a change in the architecture of the human mind , an increasing fluidity between the natural history and social intelligences , where anthropomorphism allowed hunters to identify empathetically with hunted animals and better predict their movements.

Anthropotheism In religion and mythology , anthropomorphism is the perception of a divine being or beings in human form, or the recognition of human qualities in these beings. Ancient mythologies frequently represented the divine as deities with human forms and qualities.

They resemble human beings not only in appearance and personality; they exhibited many human behaviors that were used to explain natural phenomena, creation, and historical events.

The deities fell in love, married, had children, fought battles, wielded weapons, and rode horses and chariots. They feasted on special foods, and sometimes required sacrifices of food, beverage, and sacred objects to be made by human beings.

Some anthropomorphic deities represented specific human concepts, such as love, war, fertility, beauty, or the seasons. Anthropomorphic deities exhibited human qualities such as beauty, wisdom, and power, and sometimes human weaknesses such as greed, hatred , jealousy , and uncontrollable anger. Greek deities such as Zeus and Apollo often were depicted in human form exhibiting both commendable and despicable human traits.

Anthropomorphism in this case is, more specifically, anthropotheism. Anthropomorphism has cropped up as a Christian heresy , particularly prominently with the Audians in third century Syria, but also in fourth century Egypt and tenth century Italy. The Greek philosopher Xenophanes — BCE argued against the conception of deities as fundamentally anthropomorphic: Thracians that they are pale and red-haired.

Lord Krishna said in the Bhagavad Gita , Chapter 12, Verse 5, that it is much more difficult for people to focus on a deity as the unmanifested than one with form, using anthropomorphic icons murtis , because people need to perceive with their senses.

Fables From the Panchatantra: Rabbit fools Elephant by showing the reflection of the moon Anthropomorphism, also referred to as personification, is a well established literary device from ancient times. Collections of linked fables from India, the Jataka Tales and Panchatantra , also employ anthropomorphized animals to illustrate principles of life.

Many of the stereotypes of animals that are recognized today, such as the wily fox and the proud lion, can be found in these collections. And there is another charm about him, namely, that he puts animals in a pleasing light and makes them interesting to mankind. For after being brought up from childhood with these stories, and after being as it were nursed by them from babyhood, we acquire certain opinions of the several animals and think of some of them as royal animals, of others as silly, of others as witty, and others as innocent.

Aesop, "by announcing a story which everyone knows not to be true, told the truth by the very fact that he did not claim to be relating real events". A story, a story; let it come, let it go. Later an ant feels sorry for her and helps her in her quest. In many of these stories the animals can be seen as representing facets of human personality and character.

Non-animal examples include Rev. The fantasy genre developed from mythological, fairy tale, and Romance motifs [22] and characters, sometimes with anthropomorphic animals.

Tolkien , books peopled with talking creatures such as ravens, spiders, and the dragon Smaug and a multitude of anthropomorphic goblins and elves. Rateliff calls this the " Doctor Dolittle Theme" in his book The History of the Hobbit [25] and Tolkien saw this anthropomorphism as closely linked to the emergence of human language and myth: To them, the world was alive with mythological beings To them the whole of creation was "myth-woven and elf-patterned".

Adams returned to anthropomorphic storytelling in his later novels The Plague Dogs and Traveller Anthropomorphism in literature and other media led to a sub-culture known as furry fandom , which promotes and creates stories and artwork involving anthropomorphic animals, and the examination and interpretation of humanity through anthropomorphism.

Examples include Squid Girl anthropomorphized squid , Hetalia: Axis Powers personified countries , Upotte!! In the films Cars , Cars 2 , Planes , Planes: The Radical Squadron — Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles , first aired in , features four pizza-loving anthropomorphic turtles with a great knowledge of ninjutsu, led by their anthropomorphic rat sensei, Master Splinter.

Brian shows many human characteristics — he walks upright, talks, smokes, and drinks Martinis — but also acts like a normal dog in other ways; for example he cannot resist chasing a ball and barks at the mailman, believing him to be a threat. Video games Play media In Armello , anthropomorphic animals battle it out for control of the animal kingdom Sonic the Hedgehog , a game released in , features a speedy blue hedgehog as the protagonist.

As with most anthropomorphisms of animals, clothing is of little or no importance, where some characters may be fully clothed while some wear only shoes and gloves. Another example in video games is Super Mario Bros.

Some of the characters include Yoshi , a dinosaur who is able to talk, run and jump, and Bowser , a "Koopa" that is able to perform most human characteristics, with some exceptions, as he can breathe fire. Reproducing these objects, often at a greater size than the original, Oldenburg created his sculptures out of soft materials. The anthropomorphic qualities of the sculptures were mainly in their sagging and malleable exterior which mirrored the not so idealistic forms of the human body.

In "Soft Light Switches" Oldenburg creates a household light switch out of vinyl. The two identical switches, in a dulled orange, insinuate nipples. The soft vinyl references the aging process as the sculpture wrinkles and sinks with time.

Minimalism In the essay "Art and Objecthood", Michael Fried makes the case that " Literalist art " Minimalism becomes theatrical by means of anthropomorphism. The viewer engages the minimalist work, not as an autonomous art object, but as a theatrical interaction. Fried references a conversation in which Tony Smith answers questions about his "six-foot cube, Die. I was not making a monument. I was not making an object. Fried implies an anthropomorphic connection by means of "a surrogate person-that is, a kind of statue.

She puts forth the thoughts of Surrealist writer Roger Caillois , who speaks of the "spacial lure of the subject, the way in which the subject could inhabit their surroundings. Instead, like the insect, the work must come into being in the "scopic field Other times, they are anthropomorphic items, such as " Clippy " or the " Michelin Man ". The practice is particularly widespread in Japan, where cities, regions, and companies all have mascots, collectively known as yuru-chara.

Two of the most popular are Kumamon a bear who represents Kumamoto Prefecture [40] and Funassyi a pear who represents Funabashi , a suburb of Tokyo.

July Other examples of anthropomorphism include the attribution of human traits to animals, especially domesticated pets such as dogs and cats. Examples of this include thinking a dog is smiling simply because he is showing his teeth, or a cat is bored because it is not reacting to commands. Anthropomorphism may be beneficial to the welfare of animals.

A study by Butterfield et al. Biologists have been warned to avoid assumptions that animals share any of the same mental, social, and emotional capacities of humans, and to rely instead on strictly observable evidence. Huber , who saw ants chasing and pretending to bite each other, like so many puppies. De Waal has written: But if we do not, we risk missing something fundamental, about both animals and us.

This is an example of anthropomorphism: However, inappropriate use of anthropomorphic metaphors can result in false beliefs about the behavior of computers, for example by causing people to overestimate how "flexible" computers are. Cohen and Edward Feigenbaum , in order to differentiate between anthropomorphization and logical prediction of AI behavior, "the trick is to know enough about how humans and computers think to say exactly what they have in common, and, when we lack this knowledge, to use the comparison to suggest theories of human thinking or computer thinking.

Much of computing terminology derives from anthropomorphic metaphors: Information technology presents no clear correspondence with any other entities in the world besides humans; the options are either to leverage a mushy, imprecise human metaphor, or to reject imprecise metaphor and make use of more precise, domain-specific technical terms.

The underlying causes are debated; Youngme Moon and Clifford Nass propose that humans are emotionally, intellectually and physiologically biased toward social activity, and so when presented with even tiny social cues, deeply-infused social responses are triggered automatically. When subjects were asked to describe what they saw, they gave detailed accounts of the intentions and personalities of the shapes.

For instance, the large triangle was characterized as a bully, chasing the other two shapes until they could trick the large triangle and escape. The researchers concluded that when people see objects making motions for which there is no obvious cause, they view these objects as intentional agents.

Modern psychologists generally characterize anthropomorphism as a cognitive bias. That is, anthropomorphism is a cognitive process by which people use their schemas about other humans as a basis for inferring the properties of non-human entities in order to make efficient judgements about the environment, even if those inferences are not always accurate.

Psychologist Adam Waytz and his colleagues created a three-factor theory of anthropomorphism to describe these aspects and predict when people are most likely to anthropomorphize. Elicited agent knowledge, or the amount of prior knowledge held about an object and the extent to which that knowledge is called to mind. Sociality, the need to establish social connections.

When elicited agent knowledge is low and effectance and sociality are high, people are more likely to anthropomorphize. Various dispositional, situational, developmental, and cultural variables can affect these three factors, such as need for cognition , social disconnection, cultural ideologies, uncertainty avoidance , etc. Developmental perspective Children appear to anthropomorphize and use egocentric reasoning from an early age and use it more frequently than adults.

This penchant for anthropomorphism is likely because children have acquired vast amounts of socialization, but not as much experience with specific non-human entities, so thus they have less developed alternative schemas for their environment.

Specifically, anthropomorphized words [67] and describing scientific concepts with intentionality [68] can improve later recall of these concepts. Fair 1st-ever World Expo Mascot Danish electrical socket.

The Little Book of Demons: The Positive Advantages of the Personification of Life's Problems Paperback – January 1, What Personification Means Personification is a literary device that a writer uses to assign a human trait to an inanimate object, animal or feeling. “The car groaned as it tried to gain traction on the icy hill” is an example of personification.

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